The Effect of Pain Experienced during the COVID-19 Infection on the Fear of Pain and Quality of Life

Published August 19, 2021

Authors: Sevda Korkut, PhD, RN and Türkan Ülker, MSc, RN

Purpose

This study was conducted to determine the effect of pain experienced during the COVID-19 infection on the fear of pain and quality of life of individuals.

Design

The study was carried out as descriptive, comparative and correlational design.

Methods

Snowball sampling method was used in the research and the data were collected online. A total of 404 individuals participated in the study. The data were collected using the Descriptive Characteristics Questionnaire, Numeric Rating Scale, Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III and The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire.

Results

It was determined that 87.1% of the individuals experienced pain during the COVID-19 and the mean intensity of this pain was 6.16±2.75. In addition, 37.1% of the individuals experienced pain for a while after the COVID-19 and the mean intensity of this pain was 3.81±3.00. The individuals who experienced pain during COVID-19 had higher fear of pain and lower quality of life than those who did not experience pain. There was a significant correlation between the severity of pain experienced during COVID-19 with the fear of pain and the quality of life.

Conclusions

According to the results of the study, it can be said that individuals who experienced intense pain during COVID-19 infection have higher fear of pain and lower quality of life. In addition, as the fear of pain increases, the quality of life of individuals decreases.

Clinical Implications

Negative pain experiences may lead to fear of pain, and this fear of pain may negatively affect the quality of life.